USA - H1B Workpermit
The US H1B Visa is a non-Immigration Visa that allows US companies to employ foreign workers in specialty occupations that require theoretical or technical expertise in specialized fields. Under the visa a US company can employ a foreign worker for up to six years.
The US H1-B Visa is designed to be used for staff in specialty occupations. The job must meet one of the following criteria to qualify as a specialty occupation:
- Have a minimum entry requirement of a Bachelor's or higher degree or its equivalent.
- The degree requirement for the job is common to the industry or the job is so complex or unique that it can be performed only by an individual with a degree.
- The employer normally requires a degree or its equivalent for the position.
- The nature of the specific duties is so specialized and complex that the knowledge required to perform the duties is usually associated with the attainment of a bachelor's or higher degree.
For you to qualify to accept a job offer in a specialty occupation you must meet one of the following criteria:
- Have completed a US bachelor's or higher degree required by the specific specialty occupation from an accredited college or university.
- Hold a foreign degree that is the equivalent to a U.S. bachelor's or higher degree in the specialty occupation.
- Hold an unrestricted state license, registration, or certification which authorizes you to fully practice the specialty occupation and be engaged in that specialty in the state of intended employment.
- Have education, training, or experience in the specialty that is equivalent to the completion of such a degree, and have recognition of expertise in the specialty through progressively responsible positions directly related to the specialty.
The H-1B Visa is initially granted for up to three years, but may then be extended to a maximum of six years.
Family & Dependents
H-1B Visa holders can bring their spouse and children under 21 years of age to the US under the H4 Visa category as dependents.
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USA - Work And Study Program (CPT)
Curricular Practical Training (CPT) is characterized as business which is an indispensable part of a built up educational programs. CPT is accessible just before the finishing of your degree system and you should have an occupation offer at the season of use. CPT vocation may not defer fruition of the scholastic system.
Sorts of CPT
here are two sorts of CPT: required for the scholastic system and non-required. For CPT that is required, the scholastic system orders handy work involvement in the field of study to graduate. For CPT that is a non-required part of the system, the handy work experience is for credit and straightforwardly identified with your field of study.
Necessities for Non-Required CPT
- You must be selected in a CPT course.
- The assigned CPT course more likely than not been set up and affirmed by the U-M Office of the Registrar.
- You more likely than not pronounced a noteworthy on the off chance that you are an undergrad understudy.
- If you wish to participate in CPT amid Winter or Fall term, you should be enlisted for the CPT course amid that term.
- If you wish to participate in CPT amid the Spring/Summer term, you may enlist either in the previous Winter term or amid the Spring/Summer term. Understudies enrolling for ENGR 400 must enlist for the course amid the semester they do their temporary position/center.
- If you enlist for the CPT course for Winter term and are approved for CPT work amid Winter term, you can’t then utilize the same enrollment again to spring/Summer term. You should enlist for the CPT course once more.
- Students who are occupied with proposition/paper work and have completed their coursework are still qualified for CPT, one term at once.
- Non-required CPT won’t be permitted in the understudy’s last term unless you have to enroll for different courses which are required for the fruition of your scholarly program.
- Failure to finish the CPT course will bring about your dropping out of legitimate F-1 status.
- Be mindful that including a CPT course may affect your educational cost and expenses.
- Low maintenance versus Full-Time CPT
- Low maintenance CPT: Employment for 20 hours or less every week is considered low maintenance. Despite the fact that there is no confinement upon the time allotment
- you may take part in low maintenance CPT, you should be all the while enlisted in classes full-time to keep up legal F-1 status.
Full-time CPT: Employment for over 20 hours for each week is viewed as full-time. If you don’t mind know that 12 months or a greater amount of full-time CPT will nullify your qualification for Optional Practical Training (OPT). Amid the scholarly year (fall and winter semesters), you should be at the same time selected full-time keeping in mind the end goal to keep up legal F-1 status.
To be qualified for CPT, you should:
- Have been legally selected on a full-time premise for one scholastic year (i.e. two full continuous terms). On the off chance that you are a graduate understudy and the system requires prompt support, this prerequisite is waived.
- Be in legitimate F-1 status
- Have U-M endorsed medical coverage
- Have a vocation offer
- Not be selected in a concentrated English dialect preparing program
CPT is prepared and approved term by term. Contact your scholastic office with respect to your specialty’s particular rules and take after those rules for CPT applications. It would be ideal if you take note of that your area of expertise has caution in prescribing CPT.
CPT approval is prescribed for unpaid temporary positions, whether the understudy does or does not have to give livelihood approval reports to the organization. The F-1 controls are composed in a manner that CPT is an approval to do functional preparing as a feature of the educational modules for the scholastic system, and in that capacity is huge in more routes than basically for the business to check occupation qualification. CPT approval is more than only consent to get paid.
The International Center emphatically prescribes CPT approval for unpaid temporary positions for the accompanying reasons:
CPT approval by the college serves to exhibit that this down to earth experience is a piece of the educational programs.
- CPT approval is a method for reporting in SEVIS the understudy’s movement, job, and area where they are working and in this manner keeping up their status.
- If ever an understudy is destroying an unpaid premise that somebody would be contracted and paid for, business approval as CPT, OPT, and so on is prompted.
- If the unpaid entry level position sooner or later changes into a paid one (or if your manager chooses to repay you for your work in any capacity – for instance, give you a money related blessing), you won’t have the capacity to acknowledge the installment if your temporary job was not approved as CPT. It would be ideal if you remember that F-1 understudies can’t be retroactively compensated or in any capacity made up for work done in an unpaid entry level position in the event that they didn’t get work approval preceding when the work was performed.
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